Adoption of Briquettes of Organic Matter as an Environmentally Friendly Energy Source in Uganda
Abstract:Demand for inexpensive alternative fuels and briquettes to bridge the gap between cooking, water heating, and heating production processes has been expanding by the day, due to the current fuel crisis and the ever-increasing costs of electricity and wood charcoal in Kampala and its environs. The goal of this study was to determine the different types of biomass briquettes and associated technology that are available in Kampala. Face-to-face interviews and questionnaires were used to collect data on the numerous varieties of biomass briquettes that are commonly used by Kampala families, as well as the raw materials used by briquette producers. Descriptive statistics techniques were employed. According to the statistics, the most often utilized briquettes in Kampala are stick briquettes, honeycomb briquettes, cylindrical, round, and doughnut-shaped briquettes. While the majority of households continue to use expensive and unreliable energy sources such as wood charcoal, gas, and electricity, using briquettes is less expensive and has the potential to reduce deforestation, minimize waste streams, and reduce indoor air pollution, reduce odors, and increase local job creation. Households that use briquettes lamented a lack of available technology, a lack of equipment for making their own, and a shortage of well-trained or skilled people to assist in waste sorting to gather organic matter for briquette production. It was concluded that carbonized round briquettes are preferred because non-carbonized briquettes are extremely scarce and that a number of factors significantly deterred individuals from investing in biomass briquette technology, including government laxity in providing incentives and a failure to create favorable conditions for individuals to invest in biomass briquette energy production and utilization.